Quantitative and Qualitative Data
The Quick AnswerQualitative information (from quality) is a description of a trait that can be observed but not measured. For example:
- The branch smells rotten.
- The branch is 4 inches thick.
What Is the Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative?Qualitative data describes features, traits, or qualities that are not measured on numerical scales. Quantitative data deals with numbers (i.e., things that can be measured and counted).
QualitativeThe adjective qualitative comes from the noun quality. It is commonly used to describe the words data or information. Qualitative information is a description of a trait that can be observed but not measured. For example:
- The team is well prepared.
- The leaf feels waxy.
- The river is peaceful.
QuantitativeThe adjective quantitative comes from the noun quantity. It is commonly used to describe the words data, information, or evidence. Quantitative information deals with numbers. It gives the quantity of something that can be measured (e.g., age, area, height, speed, temperature, time, volume, width). For example:
- The team has 7 players.
- The leaf weighs 2 ounces.
- The river is 25 miles long.
Qualitative versus Quantitative Data
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