Whoever or Whomever?
The Quick AnswerWhoever (just like he) is the subject of a verb.
- Whoever finds me wins a cake. (Whoever is the subject of finds.)
- Whomever I find loses a cake. (Whomever is the direct object of I find.)
What Is the Difference Between Whoever and Whomever?Writers are often unsure whether to use whoever or whomever. Here's the quick answer:
Whoever acts, but whomever is acted upon.Don't be confused. They are just like he and him, which you no doubt use correctly without much thought.
He acts, but him is acted upon.
Examples of Whoever or WhomeverHere are some examples of sentences with whoever or whomever:
- Whoever said money can't buy happiness simply didn't know where to go shopping. (Bo Derek) (Here, Whoever said money can't buy happiness could be replaced with He said money can't buy happiness. It could not be replaced with Him said money can't buy happiness. Therefore, whomever would be wrong.)
- Whoever controls the media and the images, controls the culture. (Allen Ginsberg) (Here, Whoever controls the media could be replaced with He controls the media. It could not be replaced with Him controls the media. Therefore, whomever would be wrong.)
- Give it to whomever you think will use it most wisely. (Here, Give it to whomever could be replaced with Give it to him. It could not be replaced with Give it to he. Therefore, whoever would be wrong.)