What Are Affixes? (with Examples)
What Are Affixes? (with Examples)An affix is added to the root of a word to change its meaning.
An affix added to the front of a word is known as a prefix. One added to the back is known as a suffix. Sometimes, prefixes are hyphenated.
Read more about hyphens in prefixes.
Examples of AffixesHere are some examples of affixes:
- incapable (The affix is the prefix in.)
- ex-President (The affix is the prefix ex-.)
- laughing (The affix is the suffix ing.)
Most Common Suffixes. The four most common suffixes are -ed, -ing, -ly, and -es. These account for over 95% of suffixed words.
A List of Common PrefixesHere is a list of common prefixes with some examples:
|a-, an-||without||amoral, atypical|
|com-, con-||with||companion, contact|
|en-||put into||enclose, envelop|
|ex-||out of, former||extract, ex-governor|
|extra-||beyond, more than||extracurricular|
|il-, im-, in-, ir-||not, without||illegal, impractical, inconsiderate, irresponsible|
|non-||not, without||nonentity, nonstarter,|
|omni-||all, every||omnipresent, omniscient|
|pre-, pro-||before, forward||precede, project|
A List of Common SuffixesHere is a list of common suffixes with some examples:
|-able, -ible||can be done||comfortable, passable|
|-al, -ial||having the characteristics of||personal|
|-ed||past-tense verbs (weak verbs)||danced, jumped|
|-en||made of||golden, wooden|
|-er, -or||one who||actor, narrator, worker|
|-ful||full or full of||cupful, careful|
|-ic||having characteristics of||linguistic, sarcastic|
|-ing||verb form (present participle and gerund)||dancing, singing|
|-ion, -tion, -ation, ition||act or process||attraction, attrition|
|-ity, -ty||state of||humility, infinity|
|-ive, -ative, itive||adjective form of a noun||expensive, plaintive|
|-ly||adverb ending||nicely, quickly|
|-ment||action or process||enjoyment, entrenchment|
|-ness||state of, condition of||eagerness, kindness|
|-ous, -eous, -ious||possessing the qualities of||erroneous, joyous|
|-s, -es||plural||tables, foxes|
|-y||characterized by||fatty, happy, jumpy|
Prefixes and Capital LettersA prefix is not written with a capital letter unless it starts the sentence or is an integral part of a proper noun.
- Ex-President Smith will meet ex-President Jones later.
- Please show me the Baxter Inter-Department Programme.
- Will you attend this year's anti-Nazi rally?