Future Perfect Tense (with Examples)The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will have been completed at some point in the future. It is often used with a time expression which identifies that point in the future.
Examples of the Future Perfect TenseHere are some examples of the future perfect tense (shaded):
- By the time you arrive, we will have finished the meal and the speeches. (Note: "By the time you arrive" identifies the point in the future.)
- I will have read every magazine in the waiting room before I see the dentist. (Note: The clause "before I see the dentist" identifies the point in the future.)
- By the time you arrive, we will not have finished the meal and the speeches.
- I will not have read every magazine in the waiting room before I see the dentist.
- Will you have finished the meal and the speeches by the time I arrive?
- Will you have read every magazine in the waiting room before you see the dentist?
Forming the Future Perfect TenseHere is an infographic explaining the future perfect tense:
Other Future TensesThe future perfect tense is one of four future tenses. They are:
|The 4 Future Tenses||Example|
|simple future tense||I will go|
|future progressive tense||I will be going|
|future perfect tense||I will have gone|
|future perfect progressive||I will have been going|
Forming the Future Perfect TenseThe future perfect tense is formed:
will have + [the past participle]
- I will have completed my assignment by 3 o'clock.
- After this event, Simon will have walked over 10,000 miles in those boots.
Forming the Past Participle (Regular Verbs)If it's a regular verb, the past participle is the same as the simple past tense. In other words, it is formed like this:
Add ed to most verbs:
- jump > jumped
- paint > painted
- chat > chatted
- stop > stopped
- sew > sewed
- play > played
- fix > fixed
- incur > incurred
- prefer > preferred
- open > opened
- enter > entered
- swallow > swallowed
- thrive > thrived
- guzzle > guzzled
- cry > cried
- fry > fried
Forming the Past Participle (Irregular Verbs)If it's an irregular verb, the past participle is formed in all sorts of different ways. Here are some examples:
- arise > arisen
- catch > caught
- choose > chosen
- know > known
Click here for a list of the most common irregular verbs.